Designed by John Reich, the Capped Bust quarter first appeared in 1815. In the early years of the United States Mint, the number and type of gold and silver coins were struck according to the wishes of bullion depositors from the general public, and not by governmental orders.(1)
Throughout the 1790’s and early 1800’s, gold coins did not circulate well in the U.S. because gold was readily exported to Europe where it was valued higher. Large numbers of silver dollars were shipped to the West Indies because there they were overvalued in relation to the Spanish milled dollar. The Spanish dollars were then brought to America to exchange for U.S. dollars at par, and the cycle repeated itself. For these reasons, the production of silver dollars and $10 gold eagles was suspended in 1804.(2)
The half dollar suffered no exportation pressures and thus became the engine of the U.S. economy. Most bullion depositors arriving at the Mint’s front door preferred this denomination for its ease in facilitating business transactions. Consequently, quarter production was limited and intermittent until the 1830’s.(3)
There was no official mintage recorded for 1824 Capped Bust quarters, yet they do exist. Researcher Steve Tompkins dug through old documents and suggests the Mint’s delivery of 16,000 coins on December 31, 1823 to be the entire mintage of 1824 quarters. Owing to the small number of survivors (400), most experts believe this to be a reasonable conclusion.(4)
All 1824 quarters were struck from a single die pair, which married an unused 1822 obverse die overdated to read 1824 with the reverse die leftover from 1823. Therefore, all 1824 quarters feature the 4/2 overdate. The “2” digit is barely visible under the “4”.
The 1824/2 Capped Bust quarter is rare in all grades. Specialists who aspire to assemble a complete set of early quarters must have an example, and are willing to pay good money to reel one in.
As an entry in the Key Date Coin List of recommendations, the 1824/2 Capped Bust quarter obviously has a stellar record of price advancements over a period of many years. However, prices for most grades are off their peaks from the mid-2010’s, indicating now is a good time for bargain hunters in quest of this true rarity.
|Estimated survivors in all grades: 400
? The survivor estimate from PCGS represents an average of one or more experts' opinions as to how many examples survive of a particular coin in all grades. Survival estimates include coins that are raw, certified by PCGS, and certified by other grading services.
Learn more at PCGS.
|PCGS Rarity Scale: 6.2
? The 'PCGS CoinFacts Rarity Scale' assesses the relative rarity of all U.S. coins, based on estimated surviving examples. The scale runs from 1.0 to 10.0. The higher the number, the rarer the coin.
Learn more at PCGS.
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